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23-06-2012
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Brian Duffy - Photographer


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Brian Duffy (15 June 1933 31 May 2010) was an English photographer and film producer, best remembered for his fashion photography of the 1960s and 1970s and his creation of the iconic "Aladdin Sane" image for David Bowie.

Early life

Duffy was born to Irish parents in London in 1933. During World War II he was evacuated with his two brothers and sister to Kings Langley where he was taken in by the actors Roger Livesey and Ursula Jeans. After only three weeks his mother, unhappy about her four children being split up from the family insisted they all return to London. They were evacuated once more to Wales but returned to London having experienced living on a primitive farm after a month.

Once back in London Duffy, "had the most wonderful war", breaking into abandoned houses and terrorising the city streets. Only when it was over did he start school, attending a social engineering institution in South Kensington that was run by the London County Council. After getting into a series of bouts of trouble he was moved to another school in Kentish Town where emphasis was placed on treating troubled youths through cultural inclusion which involved trips to the Opera, ballets and galleries. It was here that Duffy unveiled his own creative tendencies and upon finishing school he applied to St. Martins School of Art. In 1950 he began art school at first wishing to be a painter but soon changed to dress design. He finished in 1953 and immediately began working as an assistant designer at Susan Small Dresses after which he worked for Victor Steibel, preferred designer to Princess Margaret. Following this, on a visit to Paris, he was offered a job at Balenciaga but was unable to take it up.

Professional career

In 1955 he began freelancing as a fashion artist for Harper's Bazaar. It was here that he first came into contact with photography. Inspired by the photographic contact sheets he saw passing through the art director's desk he decided to find a job as a photographers assistant. Unsuccessfully, he applied for a job with John French, after which he managed to get a job at Carlton studios and then at Cosmopolitan Artists. He left there to take a job as assistant the photographer Adrian Flowers. While working for Flowers he received his first photographic commission from Ernestine Carter, the then fashion editor of The Sunday Times.

In 1957 he was hired by British Vogue where he remained working until 1963. During this period he worked closely with top models of the period, including Joy Weston, Jennifer Hocking, Paulene Stone and Jean Shrimpton.

Along with fellow photographers David Bailey and Terence Donovan, he captured, and in many ways helped to create, the "Swinging London" of the 1960s: a culture of high fashion and celebrity chic. Together the "Terrible Three", as they came to be known by the British press, redefined not only the aesthetic of fashion photography but also the place of the photographer within the industry. Socialising with actors, musicians and royalty, together they represented a new breed of photographer and found themselves elevated to celebrity status. Brian Duffy commented on the culture shock the three were to the industry:

"Before 1960, a fashion photographer was tall, thin and camp. But we three are different: short, fat and heterosexual!."

Apart from Vogue, Duffy also worked for publications including Glamour, Esquire, Town Magazine, Queen Magazine as well as The Observer, The Times and The Daily Telegraph. He also worked on contract for French Elle for two periods the first between 1963 and 1968, and the second between 1971 and 1979.

As well as fashion photography, Duffy was the creative force behind record album sleeve art for three David Bowie album covers, most notably the iconic Aladdin Sane.

He was also successful within the advertising world shooting award winning campaigns for both Benson & Hedges and Smirnoff in the 1970s.

In 1965 Duffy was asked to create a Pirelli calendar which he shot on location in Monaco. He was commissioned to shoot a second calendar in 1973 which he created in collaboration with British pop artist Allen Jones and air brush specialist Phillip Castle.

In 1967 he set up a film production company with Len Deighton called Deighton Duffy and went on to produce the film adaptations of Deighton's book Only When I Larf (1968), and of the musical Oh! What a Lovely War, which was released in 1969.

In 1979 Duffy decided to give up photography, burning many of his negatives, though some were saved from the fire when the council objected to the smoke. Although a large number of his images have been lost, the ones that remain stand collectively as a comprehensive visual history of twenty-five years of British culture and fashion.

In 2009, at the behest of his son, Chris, Duffy resumed work as a photographer and shot images of people he had photographed in the 1960s and 70s. The story of his early career and comeback is documented in a BBC documentary shown in January 2010 titled The Man Who Shot the 60s.

Duffy died on 31 May 2010, after suffering from a degenerative lung disease.

In June 2011 Duffy's son Chris, authored a monograph of Duffy's images which was published by ACC Editions titled "Duffy - Photographer" and featured over 160 iconic images from the 1950s, 60s and 70s.

In 2011 the Victoria and Albert Museum London requested Duffy prints for their permanent display.

Family

Duffy married June when he was twenty one years old. The couple had four children, Christopher, Charlotte, Samantha and Carey.


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23-06-2012
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Official site
http://www.duffyphotographer.com/

UK Vogue October 15th, 1968
"Newly Printed and Run Cashmed is a Collector's"
Model/Star: Alexandra Stewart
Photographer: Brian Duffy
Hair: Celine



UK Vogue July 1967: Jean Shrimpton by Brian Duffy


UK Vogue June 1967
Models/Stars: Arabella Churchill, Julie Christie & Brigitte Bardot
Photographer: Brian Duffy



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23-06-2012
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UK Vogue March 1st, 1967
"New Knitted Stripes and What a Way to Go"
Model: Jill Kennington
Photographer: Brian Duffy
Hair: Gavin



UK Vogue October 15th, 1967
"Six Characters in Search of '66"
Models: Donna Mitchell & Unknown
Photographer: Brian Duffy



UK Vogue July 1966: Jean Shrimpton by Brian Duffy


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23-06-2012
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UK Vogue April 15th, 1966: Ursula Andress by Brian Duffy


Model: Jean Shrimpton
Photographer: Brian Duffy



UK Vogue February 1966
"Young Idea's Shirt Story"
Models: Unknown
Photographer: Brian Duffy



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23-06-2012
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UK Vogue June 1965
"Cotton Landscape: Pretty-Dazzling"
Model: Pattie Boyd
Photographer: Brian Duffy
Hair: Leslie



UK Vogue April 15th, 1965
Models: Unknown
Photographer: Brian Duffy



"Bias... See, Feel, Follow the Movement"
Model: Nicole de la Marge
Photographer: Brian Duffy
Hair: Michael



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UK Vogue March 15th, 1965
"See Green - Think Summer, Make It Sunlit"
Model: Sue Murray
Photographer: Brain Duffy



UK Vogue February 1965
"Blouse and Shirt Story"
Models: Unknown
Photographer: Brian Duffy



UK Vogue January 1965: Jean Shrimpton by Brian Duffy


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Spandau Ballet - "Gold" (1983)
Model/Star: Sadie Frost
Director: Brian Duffy


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28-02-2013
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Elle France June 3rd, 1965: Brigitte Bardot by Brian Duffy


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27-12-2013
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UK Vogue January 1965
"Schhrazade '65: The Legendary New Prints"
Model: Jean Shrimpton
Photographer: Brian Duffy



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03-01-2014
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The Face November 1980: David Bowie by Brian Duffy


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